Volleyball Fundamentals: The 6 Skills You Need

In ‘Volleyball Fundamentals: The 6 Skills You Need,’ the article delves into the essential skills that players must master in order to excel in the sport.

Serving, passing, setting, hitting, blocking, and digging are explored in detail, with an emphasis on their importance and techniques for improvement.

As players progress, the article highlights the advanced aspects of blocking and digging that become more relevant.

Additionally, understanding volleyball terminology and the role of line judges are addressed, providing a comprehensive guide for players at all levels.

Key Takeaways

  • Serving is a crucial skill in volleyball and mastering different types of serves is important.
  • Passing is the first contact when the ball comes over the net and developing a passing mentality is crucial.
  • Setting is the second contact on your side of the net and communication with your team and understanding the gameplan is essential.
  • Hitting is the third contact your team makes with the ball and the fundamental skill is spiking.


Serving is the first major hurdle in volleyball, and every player has faced this challenge. It can be intimidating, but with practice and determination, players can overcome it.

Serving is the only time in the game where a player has complete control. Mastering different types of serves, such as the float serve, topspin serve, jump serve, and jump float serve, is important for a successful serve. Each serve has its own technique and purpose, and players must learn to execute them accurately.

Serving requires a combination of power, accuracy, and placement to disrupt the opponent’s defense and gain an advantage. It is a skill that can greatly influence the outcome of a game, making it crucial for players to dedicate time and effort to improve their serving abilities.


Developing a passing mentality is crucial in volleyball, as it involves sending the ball to a teammate to create an attack. To improve your passing skills, consider the following:

  • Focus on using an underhand platform pass, using your forearms to create a flat surface for the ball to go towards your target.
  • Work on your footwork and positioning to be in the right spot to make a successful pass.
  • Anticipate the direction of the ball and adjust your positioning accordingly.
  • Communicate with your teammates to ensure a smooth passing sequence.
  • Practice passing drills to improve your ability to handle different types of serves and attacks.
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Setting involves making the second contact on the team’s side of the net and determining the type of attack or play that will be executed. It is a crucial skill in volleyball, as setters are like the quarterbacks of the game.

Communication with the team and understanding the gameplan is essential for successful setting. Setters aim to deliver the ball high enough for their hitters to make an approach and spike. They need to have good decision-making skills and be able to read the defense to set the ball to the best possible location.

Setting requires precision and accuracy to ensure the hitter has the best opportunity to score points for the team. By mastering the art of setting, players can become invaluable assets to their team’s offense.


Hitting requires precise timing, explosive power, and excellent technique to execute a powerful spike and score points for the team. It is a fundamental skill in volleyball that involves the third contact with the ball.

Here are five key aspects of hitting:

  • Approach: The hitter must position themselves further away from the net to prepare for the spike. The approach involves three steps and a jump, allowing the hitter to generate momentum and power.

  • Wrist Snap: To give the ball topspin and force it to the floor, the hitter must snap their wrist at the point of contact. This technique adds speed and accuracy to the spike.

  • Angle of Attack: Hitters must aim for open areas on the opponent’s side of the court. They can adjust the angle of their attack based on the positioning of the blockers and defenders.

  • Jumping Ability: A strong vertical leap is essential for hitters to reach high and hit over the block. Explosive power in the legs is crucial for an effective spike.

  • Reading the Block: Hitters must analyze the positioning and movements of the blockers to determine the best approach and target for their spike. This allows them to find gaps in the block and score points for their team.

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Blocking requires precise footwork, timing, and hand technique to effectively stop the opponent’s attack at the net. It is a crucial defensive skill in volleyball that can greatly impact the outcome of a game. Good blocking not only denies the opponent’s attack, but it also limits where the ball can go, making it easier for the defense to dig successfully.

To be successful in blocking, players must work on reading the opponent’s hitting angles and tendencies, as well as practicing different blocking techniques such as the single block and double block. By mastering these skills, players can become formidable blockers, shutting down the opponent’s offense and giving their team a significant advantage.


After discussing the fundamentals of blocking in volleyball, the next essential skill to focus on is digging.

Digging is the act of preventing the ball from hitting the ground after an opponent’s attack. It requires quick reflexes, defensive positioning, and the use of forearms to dig the ball and send it back up.

Good observation skills and anticipation of the attack direction are crucial for successful digging. Liberos and defensive specialists excel in digging due to their mental game and ability to read the game.

To improve digging skills, players can refer to articles that provide lessons, drills, and techniques. It is important to continuously practice and develop this skill to become a strong defensive player in volleyball.

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are Some Tips for Improving Your Serving Accuracy in Volleyball?

Improving serving accuracy in volleyball requires practice and focus.

One tip is to work on your toss consistency, as a good toss sets you up for a successful serve.

Another tip is to concentrate on your follow-through and arm swing, ensuring that you make contact with the ball cleanly and with the appropriate amount of power.

Additionally, focusing on your footwork and body positioning can help you maintain balance and control while serving.

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Regular practice and repetition will help improve your serving accuracy over time.

How Can I Develop Better Footwork for Blocking in Volleyball?

To develop better footwork for blocking in volleyball, players can focus on improving their agility and coordination. This can be done through specific drills and exercises that target lateral movement, quick changes in direction, and explosive jumps.

Additionally, practicing proper timing and reading the opponent’s hitting angles can greatly enhance a player’s blocking effectiveness. By consistently working on footwork and staying disciplined in their defensive positioning, players can become more proficient at blocking in volleyball.

Are There Any Specific Drills or Exercises to Help Improve Passing Technique in Volleyball?

There are several specific drills and exercises that can help improve passing technique in volleyball.

One effective drill is the ‘wall passing drill,’ where players stand facing a wall and pass the ball against it, focusing on proper form and technique.

Another useful exercise is the ‘partner passing drill,’ where players partner up and practice passing back and forth, working on accuracy and control.

These drills and exercises can help players develop better passing skills and improve their overall performance.

What Are Some Common Mistakes to Avoid When Setting the Ball in Volleyball?

When setting the ball in volleyball, there are some common mistakes to avoid.

One mistake is not communicating effectively with the team and not understanding the game plan.

Another mistake is not setting the ball high enough for the hitter to make an approach and spike.

Additionally, poor hand placement and inconsistent footwork can lead to inaccurate sets.

It’s important to practice proper technique and focus on precision to avoid these mistakes and improve your setting skills.

How Can I Increase My Hitting Power and Accuracy in Volleyball?

To increase hitting power and accuracy in volleyball, players can focus on several key areas.

First, they should work on improving their approach by taking three steps and utilizing a strong jump.

Additionally, players can work on snapping their wrist to create topspin on the ball and force it to the floor.

Practicing these techniques, along with developing overall strength and power through conditioning exercises, can help players enhance their hitting abilities and become more effective attackers on the court.